Khurram was the third son of the Mughal emperor Jahangir and the Rajput princess Manmati. Mumtaz Mahal was the second queen of Emperor Shah Jahan. Mumtaz Mahal died, aged 37 (7 July 1631), while giving birth to Gauhara Begum in Burhanpur. The Mughal, or Mogul (also Moghul), Empire was an imperial power in the Indian subcontinent from about 1526 to 1757. Mumtaz Mahal in one word can be described as an inspiration; an inspiration for Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan to erect the breathtakingly beautiful memorial, Taj Mahal. Shah Jahan commissioned many monuments, the best known of which is the Taj Mahal in Agra, in which is entombed his favourite This is the story of the love between Khurram and Arjumand or, as we know them today, Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. It took 20,000 workers and 1,000 elephants nearly 20 years to complete this monument-the Taj Mahal. Though Shah Jahan was an able administrator and commander, he is best known for the construction of the Taj Mahal, which he built in the memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Jahanara Begum: 23 rd March 1614 – 16 th September 1681. In 1631, Shah Jahan was three years into his reign and fighting against a rebellion led by Khan Jahan Lodi. The dead body of Mumtaz Mahal was kept in a garden on the shore of Yamuna River for about 22 years till the completion of Taj Mahal in 1653 A.D. Reasons why Taj Mahal was built in Agra Life. Although Begum was betrothed to Shah Jahan(also know as Prince Khurram) at the age of fourteen, she ultimately became the love of his life. She was religiously a Shi'a Muslim. Diarmuid and Grainne a Legend from IrelandThe tale of the Pursuit of Diarmuid and Grainne is an epic story of wilful love, broken trust, relentless passion and ultimate tragedy. Her father Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan, a nobleman, worked as a high officer in the Mughal Empire.Her real name was Arjumand Banu Begum and Nur Jahan the wife of Mughal Emperor Jahangir was her aunt. After Mumtaz died in 1629, the grieving emperor resolved to create a fitting monument. Construction began in 1632 under the orders of the Great Mogul Emperor, Shah Jahan. Mumtaz Mahal had a very deep and loving marriage with Shah Jahan. Shah Jahan erected many splendid monuments, the most famous of which is the Taj Mahal in Agra. Legend tells us that Krishna wore the Koh-i-Nor on his sleeve, from where it was stolen one night. I use airbnb and have nothing but praise for the resources available. Badshah Mohinnudin Mohammed Aurangzeb (1618 - 1707). Its construction began in 1632, following the death of Mumtaz Mahal, the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan… She … Due to Shah Jahan's belief that his wife's beauty and character was unparalleled, he called her Mumtaz Mahal, or "Jewel of the Palace". This is the official Website of Taj Mahal. Arjumand Banu Begum was born in Agra into a family of Persian nobility, as a daughter of Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan, making her a niece (and later daughter-in-law) of Empress Nur Jehan, the wife of the emperor Jahangir. Certificate of Ownership printed on a beautiful piece of high quality parchment paper, Online Profile of Authenticity, an online profile for you or the registered owner to personalise with pictures, video, music and more. Khurram acquired two other wives in the five years after meeting Mahal before their marriage, but he be… The Pearl Mosque in Agra, the palace and the grand mosque in Delhi or the Throne of the Peacock, which is said to be worth millions of dollars, according to modern estimates, are all constructions of Shah Jahan.  Her younger sister Parwar Khanum married Sheikh Farid the son of Nawab Qutubuddin, the governor of Badaun who was also emperor Jahangir's foster brother. In 1614, commanding an army numbering around 200,000, Kh… Shah Jahan. It is a symmetrical building with an arch-shaped entrance (Iwan) with a large dome and finial on top. Emperor Shah Jahan is best remembered as a patron of Mughal architecture and is known for the grand legacy of architectural structures constructed during his reign. Mumtaz devoted some time to a riverside garden in Agra and it may have been her affection for this garden that prompted the eventual form of her monument. His reign ushered in the golden age of Mughal architecture. The Taj Mahal is one of the world's most iconic historical superstructures and India's gem. Though Mumtaz Mahal’s importance in the life of Shah Jahan has received unprecedented endorsement through a beautiful tomb, her position was by no means completely unusual for the women of the Mughal royal family. He built the Taj Mahal in her memory. The Death of Mumtaz Mahal. The jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage UNESCO World Heritage Site. For a glorious holiday with cheap and trusted accommodation, airbnb offers access to Homestays and Budget Apartments in Agra, near the Taj Mahal. Shahzada Sultan Daulat Afza (1628 - 1629). She was his third wife, and became his favorite. Mumtaz Mahal, byname of Arjumand Banu Begum, wife of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. The intervening years had seen Khurrum take two other wives. His trust in her was so great that he even gave her his imperial seal, the Muhr Uzah. Mumtaz was portrayed as the perfect wife with no aspirations to political power. Betrothed to Prince Khurram in 1607 AD at the age of 14 years, she was married five years later on 10 May 1612, a date selected by the court astrologers as most conducive to ensuring a happy marriage to Prince Khurram, who later ascended the Peacock Throne of India as the fifth Mughal Emperor and populary known as Shah Jahan I. Arjumand Banu Begum, popularly known as Mumtāz Mahal (April, 1593 - 17 June 1631) meaning "beloved ornament of the palace" was an Empress of India during the Mughal Dynasty.  In 1607 AD (1016 AH), Prince Khurram, also known as Shah Jahan, was betrot… Taj Mahal as well the real graves of Emperor Shah Jahan and her wife Mumtaz Mahal. Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Khurram, better known by his regnal name, Shah Jahan, was the fifth Mughal emperor, and reigned from 1628 to 1658. Under his reign, the Mughal Empire reached the peak of its cultural glory. The emperors were Muslims and direct descendants of Genghis Khan. Shahzada Sultan Murad Baksh (1624 - 1661). Like all such storie... Homestays and Budget Apartments in Agra, near the Taj Mahal, Diarmuid and Grainne a Legend from Ireland, Hairstyles, Cool Cuts, How to Style Your Hair. Once the largest diamond known (originally 793 carats), Shah Jahan had this jewel set into his throne. The marriage was a happy one and Khurram remained devoted to her. Mumtaz Mahal was Shah Jahan's trusted companion, travelling with him all over the Mughal Empire. The gemstone headed east, to England. The real tombs of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal are open during the time of URS (Death Anniversary) of Shah Jahan which falls according to the Islamic calendar in the month of Rajab. The Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders of the world, is a monument to the memory of Mumtaz. Built of white marble, the Taj sits on a sandstone platform. Jahan was dethroned by his own son and then imprisoned in Agra Fort, a walled city just a little to the north of the Taj Mahal. Although an able military commander, Shah Jahan is best remembered for his architectural achievements. The Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders of the world, is a monument to the memory of Mumtaz. The Koh-i-Nor diamond was a treasure of the Moghul dynasty. India's most iconic structure, the Taj Mahal, has stood strong for almost 400 years. In 1607, Nur Jahan arranged Khurram engagment to Arjumand Banu Begum (1593–1631). Mumtaz Mahal - Life history. Mumtaz Mahal children : Mumtaz Mahal had 14 children in total and the ones who lived are following . Renamed Mumtaz Mahal, she bore Shah Jahan 14 children and became his favorite wife. MyDayRegistry is an exclusive online registry where you can dedicate and register a specific date by month, day, and year in honour of a special event or person in your life. It took India 300 years. Shahzadi (Imperial Princess) Jahanara Begum ) (1614 - 1681). Shahzadi Hluralnissa Begum (1613 - 1616). The real graves are build at the bottom of the Taj. It is said that Prince Khurram fell in love with her at the first sight. They became essentially Persianised and transferred the Persian literary and high culture to India. Mumtaz Mahal’s tomb. In 1850, the Koh-i-Nor Diamond was seized by the British forces as they took control of the Punjab, the last stronghold in India. Architecture in general saw the best of Mughal construction during his time. It was in 1607 that she was betrothed to Prince Khurram and soon became the unquestionable love of his life. Her father was the brother of Empress Nur Jahan (who subsequently became the wife of the emperor Jahangir). When Shah Jahan died in 1666, his body was placed in a tomb next to the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal. Mumtaz Mahalwas born to Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan in 1593 and was a princess from Persian nobility. Empress Mumtaz was religiously indeed a Shia Muslim. Shah Jahan wedded Arjumand Banu Begum in 1612 and later named her as Mumtaz Mahal, being in love with her immense beauty and intelligence; Mumtaz Mahal meant Jewel of Palace in Persian language. A niece of Nur Jahan, Arjumand was born into the inner court of the dynasty. Dedicate a Day to a Loved One - Worldwide Registry. Queen Victoria , hearing of the curse, first refused it, but eventually was persuaded otherwise, and since then, one by one, her colonies fought, and gained, independence. The great marble mausoleum built by Shah Jahan (1592-1666), Mughal emperor, for his wife Arjumand Banu Begam (d1631) called Mumtaz Mahal (Favourite of the Palace). They did have to wait five years before they became married. In 1983, Mumtaz Mahal’s mausoleum was declared as ‘UNESCO World Heritage Site’ and in 2007 it was included in the list of ‘Seven Wonders of the World.’ As the final resting place of both Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan, Taj Mahal is considered extremely important for its historical significance alone. She also enjoyed watching elephant and combat fights performed for the court. In 1612, aged 20, Khurram married Arjumand Banu Begum. Mumahammad Dara Sikoh: 20 th March 1615 -30 th August 1659 (killed by Aurangzeb) Shah Shuja: 26 th June 1616 Death date not known (Disappeared while running away from Aurangzeb army) Such is the esteem of Mumtaz Mahal that she is … One of the most beautiful buildings in the world is a monument of love. Shahzada Mohammed Sultan Shah Shuja Bahadur(1616 - 1660). Shah Jahan who built the Taj Mahal, a wondrous monument built in dedication to love, beauty, and life of Mumtaz Mahal, had succeeded in his lifetime his dire wish to immortalize the name of Mumtaz Mahal, his third wife. This is the true story of the Taj Mahal of India, which has mesmerized many people with its bewitching beauty. The mausoleum is a large structure built on a square plinth. It is also said that the diamond bestows the power to rule the world, yet it carries a curse. Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal had 14 children together. The date of their marriage, in 1612, was selected by astrologers of the court to be most effective in ensuring a happy marriage. Content on this website is published and Managed by Department of Tourism, Government of Uttar Pradesh. In 1630 Mumtaz Mahal accompanied Shah Jahan who was fighting during a military campaign on the Deccan plateau. Khurram gave Begum her new name, Mumtaz Mahal, shortly after their marriage. 14 year-old Prince Khurram (Shah Jahan) was once taking a sweet walk by the lanes of Mena Bazaar in the year 1607. It is said that the diamond was placed near a window of his prison in such a way that the stone could be used as a mirror to see the reflection of the Taj Mahal. Shahzadi Surayya Banu Begum (1621 - 1628). She did not know it would be her last trip. Many wives, mothers, daughters and aunts played important roles in the public as well as private lives of the Mughal emperors. Arjumand Banu Begum is also known as Mumtaz Mahal. Mumtaz Mahal was born on 27 April 1593 AD in a Persian Noble family. Shah Jahan was grief-stricken when Mumtaz Mahal, died In 1631 during the birth of their 14th child, Construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632 as a mausoleum. Over centuries, the diamond travelled through many hands, leaving havoc and chaos in its wake: Every empire to ever hold the diamond has fallen. Taj Mahal has four such entrances. Even during her lifetime, poets would extol her beauty, gracefulness and compassion. Mumtaz Mahal had a very deep and loving marriage with Shah Jahan. Shah Jahan later became famous for his love tale with Mumtaz Mahal and his ultimate creation named, Taj Mahal, which he built for his beloved wife. Rajab is the 7th month of the Islamic calendar. The Taj Mahal, from the top of the entrance gate, Agra, India. Mumtaz Mahal was born Arjumand Banu Begum, she became the wife of the 5th Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Five years later in 1612, they were married and so started one of the most popular love stories of the world. She was betrothed in 1607 the age of 14 and married in 1612 to Shah Jahan, who conferred upon her the title Mumtaz Mahal. Department of Tourism, Government of Uttar Pradesh, India. It was during the birth of the last child in 1631 while accompanying her husband on a military campaign that Mumtaz Mahal died at the age of 38. She died on June 17, 1631, giving birth to her 14th child, and was buried in Burhanpur at the place of her death. He became emperor in February 1628, four months after Jahangir's death, and took the name Shah Jahan. The cause of Mumtaz death was blood-loss after a painful labour of thirty hours. It was quite common for women of noble birth to commission architecture in the Mughal Empire. Though they were engaged at a tender age of 13 (Mumtaz Mahal) and 15 years (Shah Jahan), they married only after 5 years. Shahzada Sultan Ummid Baksh (1619 -1622). Mumtaz Mahal was Shah Jahan's trusted companion, travelling with him all over the Mughal Empire. When Shah Jahan became emperor, he gave her the title Mumtaz Mahal. “The world believes it was built by love but reading Shah Jahan’s own words on the Taj, one could say it was grief that built the Taj Mahal and it was sorrow that saw it through sixteen years till completion.”―Aysha Taryam, The Opposite of Indifference: A Collection of Commentaries. This is the story of the love between Khurram and Arjumand or, as we know them today, Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. We know it as the Taj Mahal. A Princess of the Persian nobility, Arjumand Banu Begum was born in 1593, the daughter of Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan. He had now lost his beloved Mumtaz, his rulership and his freedom, but he had the Koh-i-Nor with him. So Shah Jahan had the most costly mirror in the world to see his equally priceless creation. Mumtaz Mahal was born in April 1593 in Agra, India.Her father was the Persian noble Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan, the brother of Nur Jahan, the Mughal Empress wife of Jahangir.. Mumtaz betrothed (nikah) with shah jahan at the age of 14 in 1607 when Shah Jahan was 15 , Shah Jahan, later married two other women.May 10, 1612 at the age of 19 the official marriage ceremony was held.