Possessing a powerful fleet of warships, prior to the start of World War II, the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) had strategically planned to fight a war of fleet actions, and as a consequence delegated few resources to raiding merchant vessels. Following this engagement, Thor was ordered to rendezvous with the German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer to transfer crewmen for prize crews for Pinguin's captured whaling fleet. Unfortunately, the British warship failed to find the survivors. Two weeks later, on Sept 8th, the Yugoslav Federico Glavic was stopped, but allowed to proceed unmolested, as Yugoslavia was neutral at the time. Also known to the Kriegsmarine as Schiff 10; to the Royal Navy she was Raider E. She was named after the Germanic deity Thor. The Kriegsmarine High Command (SKL) ordered Thor to move into the Indian Ocean, but was warned to be aware of Japanese submarines operating in the area. Within 15 minutes, the Wellpark's crew abandoned ship, and she was sunk. on 6th june 1940, captain otto kÄhler took thor out of harbor to embark on her 329-long day long first cruise, probably the most.. On 28 July, Thor encountered the British armed merchant cruiser HMS Alcantara, which was armed with eight six-inch (150 mm) main guns. On 4 April 1941 HMS Voltaire (A/Capt. [3]Voltaire was turned into a blazing inferno. The entire crew was taken aboard Thor, and a prize crew took the renamed Hohenfriedburg to Japan. A German commerce raider encountered a British auxiliary cruiser and sank her with heavy losses after an hour of fighting. June 7, 2020 2. P0005 Newspaper photo of Konte Admiral Otto Krehler, Ex-Commander of German Commerce Raider "Thor" (Alias "Vir"), and a handwritten description of his combat exploits, ending with a statement: He was also the author of all my woes. I am eager to locate and make contact with any of the more than 300 civilian passengers (incl. Sweden was neutral in World War II, but Trollenholm was found to have chartered by the British to carry coal from Newcastle to Port Said. Unfortunately, the British warship failed to locate the survivors. The first salvo set the Olivia ablaze, killing most of the crew. Most of these prisoners were transferred to the supply ship Rio Grande in mid November. Press, 1979 FLIGHT OF THE CORMORAN, by Herbert T. Ward, Vantage Press, 1970. On 26 September Thor's float plane discovered the Norwegian whale-oil tanker Kosmos, which was carrying over 17,000 tons of whale oil. Thor approached head on, and in response to Voltaire's signalling of a series of AAA's (an order to identify oneself), fired a shot across Voltaire's bow. Lyle Park 1942: (SS Lylepark on June 11 1942. German Auxiliary Cruisers. Named after Königsberg, the capital of East Prussia, she was laid down in January 1905, launched in December of that year and completed by June 1906. The Military Museums Library and Archives 4520 Crowchild Trail SW Calgary Alberta T2T 5J4 Telephone: 403.410.2359 Fax: 403.410.2359 Email: … On board were many crew members of the German supply tanker Uckermark and the raider Thor which had been destroyed in an accident in Yokohama, Japan on 30 Nov 1942. Thor (HSK 4) was an auxiliary cruiser of the Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine in World War II, intended for service as a commerce raider. She was armed with a main battery of eight 20.3 cm (8.0 in) guns and, although nominally under the 10,000-long-ton (10,000 t) limit set by the Anglo-German Naval Agreement, actually displaced over 16,000 long tons (16,000 t). Her crew of 33 was taken aboard Thor, and she was sunk by a torpedo. The following day Thor was again challenged, this time by the armed merchant cruiser Cheshire. Wendover was hit by several shells from Thor and set on fire. The most successful commerce raider of the war, she was known to the British Royal Navy as Raider F. HMCS Prince David was one of three Canadian National Steamships passenger liners that were converted for the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN), first to armed merchant cruisers at the beginning of Second World War, then infantry landing ships (medium) or anti-aircraft escort. [1]. The Captain of the Nankin issued the order to abandon ship and lowered his flags. 33 survivors eventually reached land at Sao Luis, on the coast of Brazil, after 23 days and 1,500 nautical miles (2,800 km) adrift at sea. Translated from Norwegian). [8] Both ships were rapidly set ablaze, along with Nankin/Leuthen and the Japanese freighter Unkai Maru. May 31, 2020 0. A room in St. Francis Folly from Tomb Raider I is dedicated to Thor. On 4 Apr, 1941 HMS Voltaire (A/Capt. Stier was, in fact, the last German commerce raider to leave German territory for the open sea. Both "Atlantis" and "Kormoran" had been sunk in November 1941, and not one German Raider was on station for the first time since March of the previous year. The freighter's radio operator kept up a steady stream of distress signals, until another shell from Thor hit the bridge, killing him and knocking out the radio, and setting the bridge on fire. Captain Kähler decided to send the ship under a prize crew to Lorient, France, where she arrived safely twelve days later. [1]. Built by Danziger Werft in Danzig 1938/39 as the freighter Bielsko for the Polish Gdynia-America-Line (GAL), she was requisitioned by the Kriegsmarine at the outbreak of World War II and converted into the hospital ship Bonn. Two warning shots were fired, which stopped the ship; her crew was taken aboard the Thor, and she was sunk by demolition charges. Dunkerque was laid down in December 1932, was launched October 1935, and was completed in May 1937. Thor hit Natia seven or eight more times with gunfire, and a torpedo that tore open her side. On 10 May Thor's seaplane sighted the 7,130 ton Australian liner Nankin, en route to Bombay. Most of these prisoners were transferred to the supply ship Rio Grande in mid November. Following resupply and prisoner transfer, Leuthen and Regensburg both sailed to Japanese-held ports. S.S. Nankin 1942. markderby - I'm a historical researcher working on a German-NZ TV co-production on the last voyage of the Australian liner Nankin, captured by the German raider Thor in May 1942, five days out of Fremantle en route to Colombo, and taken to Yokohama. The captain of the Voltaire along with 196 men were rescued out of a crew of 296.[1]. On 1 April Thor intercepted another British freighter, the 4,565 ton Willesden. Thor set out on her second cruise on 30 November 1941 under the command of Captain Günther Gumprich. 84 of Natia's 85 crew were taken aboard Thor, bringing her total to 368. The number of armed United States merchant ships lost to armed raiders is not definitely known. Instead of risking further combat, Thor made her escape under cover of a dense smokescreen. Also known to the Kriegsmarine as Schiff 10 ; to the Royal Navy she was Raider … Also known to the Kriegsmarine as Schiff 10 ; to the Royal Navy she was Raider … Kähler decided to send her under a prize crew to Lorient, France, where she arrived safely 12 days later. Thor set out on its second cruise on 30 November 1941 under the command of Captain Günther Gumprich. These cruisers were given mythical names such as Atlantis, Penguin, Thor, Widder, Orion, Komet, Kormoran, Steir and Michelle. Voltaire's captain and 196 men were rescued out of a crew of 296. The only remaining crew were the gunners, but they managed to fire only six shots before they were also forced to abandon ship. the 5,200 ton Lylepark from Glasgow, ex New York for the Cape carrying 8,000 tons of useful warlike stores. The Thor began its first combat cruise on 6 June 1940, under the command of Captain Otto Kähler. Pinguin was known to the Kriegsmarine as Schiff 33, and designated HSK 5. On 7 July Thor encountered the Delambre, a 7,030 GRT British freighter. [6]. Thor fired several broadsides, the third of which hit Delambre, stopping her dead in the water, after which Thor's boarding party scuttled the ship with demolition charges. (1942) and unloaded some of the cargo there (they had taken on board a full load of locomotives in Liverpool meant for Basrah in Iraq), … The Rossbach was eventually torpedoed by the American submarine USS Burrfish, in the Kii Channel, Japan, in May 1944.[6]. Thor fired 128 shells into Willesden and finished her off with a torpedo. The following day Thor was again challenged, this time by the armed merchant cruiser Cheshire. German Raiders - Raider "Thor" sailed from France for her second cruise. THOR was very succesful in her career having sunk 18 large allied cargoes, totalling 71.174 tons of ships in her 2 years of operation. Thor scored three early hits on Alcantara: one between her bridge and funnel, a second aft, and a third on her waterline that caused flooding in her engine room, forcing Alcantara to reduce speed. She first arrived there in November, but was plagued with engine problems and had to return to Germany for repairs in January 1942. Thor was in command of the engagement; her gunners registered more than 20 hits, forcing the Carnarvon Castle to turn and flee to Montevideo, Uruguay. J.A.P. They may have been torpedoed, have suffered marine casualties, or have gone down before the guns of some fast surface raider. Apart from that, THOR took about 4 cargoes as a prize. Completed in 1940, the ship spent the first half of the war in Norwegian waters. Thor fired a shot across her bow; she stopped without sending distress signals. ... Thor had the most violent career among the raiders'. On 10 April Thor detected the 4,840 ton British freighter Kirkpool on her radar, the first installed on an armed merchant cruiser. On 25 March Thor intercepted Britannia, an 8,800 ton British passenger ship. Gumprich again ordered his floatplane to destroy the vessel's radio aerial before opening fire from Thor. The freighter's radio operator kept up a steady stream of distress signals, until another shell from Thor hit the bridge, killing him and knocking out the radio, and setting the bridge on fire. On 14 June Thor's radar picked up a contact at 10,000 yards, and by using a converging course, was able to approach to within 1,800 yards, Thor attacked what turned out to be the 6,310 ton Dutch Shell tanker Olivia. Blackburn, DSC, RN or RNR) was on isolated patrol in the central Atlantic, 900 nm west of the Cape Verde Islands: at 0615 hrs she was spotted by the lookouts of the German raider Thor (Schiff 10, 3862 tgr, 6-150 {5.9"}, 4-21" tubes, FK Kähler) and the ships headed for each other. Buy German Commerce Raider Vs British Cruiser: The Atlantic and the Pacific 1941 (Duel) by Forczyk, Robert, Palmer, Ian (ISBN: 9781846039188) from Amazon's Book Store. Her class included three other ships: Stettin, Stuttgart, and Nürnberg. After scoring several hits on the fleeing ship, Kähler allowed her to be abandoned, before firing sixteen 15 cm (5.91 in) rounds into the waterline, sinking the ship. Thor ceased firing and rescued 49 survivors before finishing Indus off. If you enter the room, you'll spot spheres hanging from the ceiling. While taking on coal in the delta of the Rufiji River in German East Africa, the German cruiser SMS Königsberg learned that a British cruiser, HMS Pegasus, which had been part of the Royal Navy's Cape Squadron sent to counter Königsberg, had put in at Zanzibar for repairs. Her captain, Kapitän zur See Gumprich, later commanded the German auxiliary cruiser Michel on her second raiding voyage, from which he did not return. She was very active in attacking the Arctic convoys ferrying war materials to the Soviet Union in 1941–1942, but only helped to sink one Allied ship herself. Whale factory. Admiral Hipper, the first of five ships of her class, was the lead ship of the Admiral Hipper class of heavy cruisers which served with Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

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