Make sure the soil is moist before and after fertilizing. Prune the gardenia bush back to half its size in late fall. Now would be the time to do needed pruning so the plants can produce new growth that … Views: 25, Replies: 3 » Jump to the end. A gardenia grows up to 6 feet wide and tall, depending on the variety, and usually does not require extensive pruning unless it has grown too large for the area where it is located. Gardenias are grown for their large, sweetly fragrant flowers and glossy evergreen foliage. Pruning roses annually is important for the health and overall appearance of the plant. This is because the buds for next year’s flowers form this year. Perform pruning in late fall, as the plant should not be pruned during the winter months. Incorrect pruning can reduce the amount of flowers the plant produces, and be detrimental to the plant’s growth. Because it blooms on new growth, gardenia can be pruned in winter or early summer before the blooming season begins. Gardenia bloom on new wood so early heavy pruning will not effect flowering. Make the pruning cut just above a leaf joint. I understand (from internet research) that I should prune them back to the healthy parts so that they can grow back. Tip. Tom MacCubbin, the plant doctor for the Orlando Sentinel, writes that gardenias tolerate severe pruning and rejuvenate when cut back at lower branch junctions or to the main trunk. You can save the plant by digging it up and pruning away damaged roots and then re-plant it in a spot with better drainage. * (Bleeder trees include: birch, dogwood, elm, maple, & styrax) Prune undesired and storm damaged limbs. Since gardenias set flower buds at the ends of the branches, allow some branches to grow out unpinched. If any branches or leaves are killed by winter cold, hold off pruning until spring when frosts no longer threaten. I have 4 formerly great-looking gardenia bushes in my yard, but this past winter has been brutal on them (I live in the DC area, where it was still snowing as of yesterday). The Southern Living Garden Book recommends that gardeners “prune to remove straggly branches and faded flowers” to ensure it looks its best. If the branches turn black due to frost bites, prune the branches below the damaged part using pruning shears. Gardenias are a great plant for boarders and small hedges, and can grow and thrive in pots with good water supply. Cut off any diseased or yellowing branches using sharp pruning shears. Ask a Question forum: How do I prune or trim Jasmine/gardenia. Prune your tree after it finishes blooming. Little pruning needed unless being grown as a hedge. This can cause the plant to yellow. Gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides), also known as Cape Jasmine, is a very fragrant shrub plant with pure white flowers and shiny green close-growing foliage.Gardenias have a reputation as a tricky plant to grow successfully, especially in cooler zones and as houseplants. For “bleeder” trees, heavy pruning should be done during the coldest weather. If temperatures threaten to plunge lower than ten degrees this winter, cover the entire plant for a few days with black plastic sheeting anchored to the ground with stones. Pruning: In early spring, cut back long, unbranched growth to keep your plant bushy. New Member. Throughout the growing season, pinch out the ends of some of the branches to produce a fuller plant. Light pruning to remove a stray or broken branch, or to shape the plant, can be performed any time during the active growing season. 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